A lease agreement is a contractual deed that allows you, a landlord, to rent out your property to a tenant. A lease agreement contains all the prerequisites regarding renting your property in Arizona.
In this article, you will find the core components governing property rentals in the state of Arizona. This includes the length of the agreement, start and expiration dates, payment rate and due date, disclosures, and other legal requirements that pertain to Arizona.
What Is an Arizona Lease Agreement?
There are certain conditions that you, as a landlord, must fulfill before being able to rent your property in Arizona. A lease agreement is a legal deed that outlines all that is required for renting out your property. Similarly, there are requirements (mandatory and otherwise) that all prospective tenants must fulfill to be able to live on your rental property.
The lease agreement defines these requirements for both you and the potential tenant and must conform to Arizona state laws and statutes to mark its validity. These requirements include the length of tenancy, payment rate and due date, disclosures, and other set state actions of Arizona.
For the most part, lease agreements in Arizona are flexible in terms of landlord objectives. As such, they allow you to dictate certain terms and conditions concerning renting out your property to a tenant. On that account, you must clearly aver your conditions within the lease agreement prior to completing the authorization process.
The validity of a lease agreement in Arizona stands once both parties complete the signing process, and any contract termination must follow the prestructured process. With each state having its own rules and regulations governing property management, all lease agreements used in Arizona function solely within the state. Albeit certain rules are the same in every state, some bits and pieces differ, thus, making each document distinctive.
Given below are Arizona lease agreement templates:
When Is Rent Due?
Concerning rent due date, there are no specific laws specifying when tenants should pay their rents and an existing grace period in an event whereby a tenant is unable to pay his/her dues.
All tenants must pay their rent at the agreed time by both parties. Failure to do so may result in the evacuation of the tenant. However, a five-day grace period exists only for manufactured homes, as described in § 33-1414.
Arizona Landlord and Tenant Laws
As with all other legal representations, state laws are the building blocks upon which sensitive matters rest. As such, it is important that landlords and tenants acquaint themselves with the laws that govern a lease agreement in Arizona.
You can consult Title 33, Chapter 10 (Residential Landlord and Tenant Act to get a full scope of the laws governing the leasing of a property in Arizona.
However, here are some Arizona landlord and tenant laws that you, as the landlord, should know prior to drafting a lease agreement:
Unlike certain states with a standard security deposit value, Arizona accounts for two laws that govern the payment of security deposits:
- Security deposit maximum: Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 33-1321(A) states that a landlord is not allowed to collect more than a month and a half’s worth of rent as a security deposit.
- Security deposit return: Under the same statute, the law states that the landlord must return the security deposit fourteen days after the tenant evacuates the property. This fourteen-day period does not include weekends and recognized holidays. Additionally, the landlord must provide a list outlining subtractions made from the security deposit on account of damaged properties. If both parties reach a disagreement, a 60 days assessment period opens up for them to resolve their problem.
Arizona has no statute that delineates the amount a tenant must pay as a late fee. However, Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-1414(8)(c) states that the upper late fee limit for manufactured homes peaks at $5 daily.
In each case, you, as the landlord, must clearly outline the fees inside the lease agreement document.
Landlord’s right to enter
According to Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-1343(D), all landlords must provide a two-day (48 hours) notification (minimum requirement) before gaining entrance to the property for maintenance or free-phone reasons.
According to Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 33-1375(C), a landlord can forcefully reclaim possession of their property if a tenant refuses to relinquish control after the end of their tenancy.
In this regard, you may choose to collect two months’ worth of rent or two times the number of damages suffered.
The Arizona state law does not make provision for any fee attached to rubber checks. Nonetheless, you, as the landlord, may decide to include an anti-rubber check fee (maximum of $25) in the lease document.
You may also go as far as repaying all bank charges attributed to processing rubber checks.
Disclosures Required in a Lease Agreement in Arizona
When it comes to a lease agreement, Arizona state laws demand that you, as a landlord, disclose certain information to all prospective tenants. State laws make these reveals mandatory in order to ensure fairness when it comes to property rentals.
You should be confident in your property, hence, able to inform tenants about things they should look out for. In that regard, the disclosures required in a lease agreement in Arizona include the following:
Bed bugs disclosure
All landlords are to inform tenants of a potential bedbug infestation and provide them with information regarding handling a bedbug infestation, as described in Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-1319. The law also forbids Arizona landlords from leasing out any property experiencing bedbug infestations.
According to Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-1321, landlords must plainly outline mandatory fees in the Arizona lease agreement. If there are any non-refundable fees, the landlord must clearly affirm this within the document; otherwise, such fees automatically become refundable.
Disclosure of lead-based hazards
Federal law (42 U.S. Code § 4852d) demands all landlords/property controlling agents of homes built before 1978 to provide their tenants with information pertaining to the existence of lead-based hazards such as wall paint within the property.
Move-in / move-out condition checklist
The checklist takes into account items in the unit prior to the lease, helping you document damages that occurred during the tenancy period. As such, they can legally retain part of the security deposit, one that is equal to the damages incurred.
According to Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-1322, Arizona landlords must make known, within the lease agreement, the identity and address of the agent(s) tasked with providing tenants with legal notices.
Pool safety notice
Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 36-1681(E) states that landlords must inform tenants of the existence of a pool within the property.
Shared utility charges
According to Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann § 33-1314.01, landlords must inform tenants about potential share utilities. Consequently, they must provide details concerning the computation of utility charges.
Landlords are also free to recompense themselves on account of having to calculate and pay utility charges from their pockets.
Pass-through tax notice
Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann § 33-1314 states that for a landlord to adjust their rent due to changes in the pass-through business tax, they must provide their tenant with a 30 days notification.
You, as the landlord, must, however, outline this in the lease for it to take any effect.
Abandoned personal property notice
Five days after a landlord issues a written declaration stating that a tenant has abandoned some of their personal properties on their rental place, Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-1370(E) makes provision for storing the tenant’s personal belongings for 14 days in hopes that the tenant comes to reclaim them.
You, as the landlord, are free to donate or sell the properties if the tenant fails to reclaim them after the 14-day period.
Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 33-1331 demands that landlords tender a written notice to tenants regarding entering a lease agreement after the commencement of a foreclosure action on the property.
Similarly, if a foreclosure action commences after the completion of the lease agreement, the landlord must write to the tenant within five business days.
Marijuana use policy
According to Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 36-2813, a landlord cannot reject a potential tenant on account of the tenant being a medical marijuana cardholder.
The landlord is free to discuss the terms and conditions of marijuana use within the property prior to lease authorization, but outright rejection is not allowed.
Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 33-1322(A) states that a landlord must issue a written notice containing the identities and addresses of those with authorized access. This information applies to the landlord, agent(s), and property manager.
Rent increase due to taxes
According to Ariz. Rev. Stat. §33-1314(E), a landlord can legally increase the rental amount to compensate for an increase in the tax rate after an increase in tax percentage by the legislature.
Concerning this, the landlord must indicate in the lease agreement the chances of a potential rent increase, as well as a 30 days notification prior to the increase taking effect.
Most Commonly Used Rental Lease Agreements in Arizona
As with other states, Arizona hosts several lease agreements that apply to different tenancy positions. Overall, these forms contain diverse requirements, which serve to protect you, as well as your tenant.
Here are 7 of the most common lease agreement forms used in Arizona:
Association of realtors lease agreement
An association of realtors lease agreement is a version of a lease agreement developed solely for properties within Arizona.
Commercial lease agreement
A commercial lease agreement is a document that allows you to lease out your property to anyone in need of a business property.
Month-to-month lease agreement
A month-to-month lease agreement in Arizona is one that grants either you or your tenant the power to annul the contract at any point in time. In this case, the party wishing to annul the rental contract must provide 20 days’ notice before the next rent is due.
Rent-to-own lease agreement
A rent-to-own lease agreement in Arizona is a contract that gives a tenant renting a property the option of buying that property prior to the expiration of their contract.
Roommate lease agreement
A roommate lease agreement in Arizona is a document that outlines the responsibility and rights of tenants sharing a property. This includes rent and utility payments, as well as other predetermined fees.
Standard lease agreement
A standard lease agreement in Arizona is a fixed-term contract involving you and your tenant for the sole purpose of residency.
A sublease is a legal contract that allows your tenant, in this case, the sublessor, to rent their leased unit to another tenant (subtenant). Your tenant is unable to rent their unit to a subtenant without notifying you, and even still, you must affirm their request before they can proceed with any action.
As a landlord, you must understand the rules governing the leasing of properties in Arizona. Although it depends largely on your situation, the information a lease agreement provides helps you achieve your goals and objectives. It also ensures that the interests of your tenants are a top priority.
Furthermore, the contract offers you flexibility in selecting a tenant based on the information you get through the rental application form. Arizona state laws are set to guarantee that the partnership that exists between you and your tenant(s) remains free and fair. Furthermore, the laws provide that any defaulting party accounts for their mistakes and faces the appropriate punishment.