Yahtzee is a game played using five dice, each die has six sides with numbers from one to six on each side. And Yahtzee Score Sheet is used to note down the scores.
One of the most popular dice games in the world, Yahtzee is great for both small and large groups.
The game is played by players taking turns rolling the dice, trying to get a certain roll. Each roll has an assigned point value. Each player is allowed a total of three rolls, each roll having an assigned point value.
Objective of Yahtzee
The objective of Yahtzee is to roll five dice in order to score combinations and get the highest total score. Although the scoring can be confusing at first, with some patience, you can learn the basics and enjoy the game in very little time.
In a way, Yahtzee is like golf as a group game of Yahtzee is basically a few people taking turns to play their own solitaire game.
Every game of Yahtzee is made up of 13 turns or rounds, that is the reason for the 13 different dice categories on Yahtzee score sheets. Players can roll the five dice or fewer a maximum of three times, in a bid to get the highest score in each of the scorecard categories.
In a game of Yahtzee, the aim is to maximize the points in each category so that the total score is the highest. The highest possible score in a game of Yahtzee is 1575 points, however, the average game of Yahtzee ends with a score between 250 and 320 points. The lowest possible mark in Yahtzee is 5 and it is only possible when you roll five 1’s and place them in the “Chance” category as opposed to claiming a Yahtzee, then proceed to score zero in all the other categories.
The Dice of Yahtzee
In every Yahtzee game, there are five standard dice that are rolled in the cup that is included in the board game. alternatively, you may roll the dice with your hand. If you want to build a DIY Yahtzee game, all you need are five dice and any kind of cup and some printable Yahtzee score sheets.
On the first roll, you are required to roll all five dice. After the first roll, you may “Keep” or “hold” any die or dice by setting them aside. The purpose is to build the highest possible score in any category that does not already have a point in it.
Your second roll involves rolling the die or dice that you are not “holding” or “keeping”. You are permitted to roll all five dice if you chose not to “hold” or “keep” anyone. Once again, you may “hold” or keep any of the dice you choose.
By the time you take the third roll, you must use the dice faces available from your third roll to score a category in the Yahtzee score sheet if possible. A round of Yahtzee has three rolls, and with your third roll, you are done with the round. You need to fill in a zero in one of the categories of the Yahtzee score sheet.
Note: You do not necessarily have to roll the dice three times. You can roll the dice once, and if you get a combination you are looking for to fill in one of the Yahtzee categories.
Scoring in Yahtzee
Once you have rolled the dice for the first, second, or third time, you can enter points into any open category of the Yahtzee score sheet. After you have entered a score into a category, even if the score is zero, the category is now closed for the remainder of the game of Yahtzee.
Each category on the Yahtzee score sheet is governed by its own rules for entering points, as shown below:
Upper Sections Scores
In the upper categories of the Yahtzee score sheet, you are only allowed to count the indicated die face. The goal in the upper section is to score at least a 63. Scoring a 63 qualifies you for a 35-point bonus at the end of the game. In the upper section of the Yahtzee score sheet, there are boxes labeled ones(aces), twos, threes, fours, fives, sixes. You are required to roll the 5 dice. You need to combine the values on the dice with the same number. Once you have done this, add the number to the appropriate box on the Yahtzee score sheet. You can only fill in one box with each turn you get.
If for instance you roll the dice and come up with the result below:
You can use the three 5’s in the five boxes category for 15 total points, you can also play in the fours box for four points, or in the one’s box to score one point, or in the three or sixes categories for zero points.
Choose the box to place the score
From the example above, you need to consider what score each box gets you. Playing in the 5s box gets you the higher score. But if you roll a higher fives score, you will not be able to play the fives box again.
Lower section score
In the lower score categories of the Yahtzee score sheet, you must score the total of all your dice, or an indicated amount, or Zero. Unlike the upper section, where you simply list numbers, the lower section uses phrases like “full house” and “three of a kind”. These terms mean different combinations of dice that are all scored differently.
Consider rolling the dice below:
The only way to score three of a kind in the lower sections of the Yahtzee score sheet is to roll three of the same dice. From the example above, there are three sixes. You can proceed to add all the values of your dice together. You get a total of 18 to be added to the three and two, which gives us a total of 23 to be recorded in the three-of-a-kind box.
How to place scores
The goal is to get at least 63 points to qualify for the bonus. In the example above, the highest score is to score in the fives box. However, you need to remember that you can only play each box once. If on your next roll, you throw four 5s, you will miss out on a much higher score in the fives box.
Three of a kind score
To Score three a kind score in the Yahtzee score sheet, you need three dice to display the same value. You will multiply the value of the three same value dice and add the value of the remaining dice to give a total score which you will be recording the three of a kind box.
If for instance, you throw all five dice and come up with three sixes.
You will be able to record the score in the three-of-a-kind category by adding all three sixes which makes 18, and the two fives give us10, bringing the total to 28 points.
Score four of a kind
Similar to the three-of-a-kind score, you can score in this box only if you have four dice with the same value. You can score this by combining the values of all four dice.
If you roll the dice and you have the twos adding up to 8, and by adding the remaining six, you can score 14 in the four-of-a-kind box.
The score of a full house
A full house earns you 25 points regardless of the values of the dice. You need three dice of the same number and two dice of another number to be able to score 25 points in the full house box.
If you have a combination like this,
You have earned a full house. You can disregard the value of the dice, and score 25 in the full house box of the Yahtzee score sheet.
Score a small or large straight
Similar to poker, having a straight in Yahtzee means the values of the dice can be arranged sequentially to form a sequence of four or more.
A small straight is a sequential row of four sequential rows. The small straight box is worth 30 points.
Large straight require five sequential dice. Your dice have to be either 12345, or 23456 in any order. In Yahtzee, the large straight box is worth 40 points. You can get a total of three possible small straights in a game of Yahtzee (3,4,5,6, or 1,2,3,4, or 2,3,4,5).
Scoring a Yahtzee
A Yahtzee is one of the largest rolls a player can score. To score a Yahtzee, all five dice need to be showing the same number after you roll. The first time you score a Yahtzee, you score 50 points, however, subsequent Yahtzee attracts 100 points.
Fill in the chance box
Adding up the face of all five dice values scores the chance box. You can score in this box by adding the value of all 5 boxes, regardless of the combination. You do not need a combination of repeated or sequential numbers to score in this box. However, be careful not to score low.
For instance, if you throw a combination like this: 4 2 4 1 3, you can score 14 in the chance box, however, a combination like 6 4 6 5 2 gives you a higher score of 23.
Calculate the total score
At the end of the game of Yahtzee, you can calculate your score. The person with the highest score wins the game. Add up the upper section and put the total score in the “Total-score“ section of the Yahtzee score sheet. If your score is at least 63, you qualify for an additional bonus of 35 points.
Add up the scores in the lower section of the Yahtzee score sheet. Add 100 points if you scored more than 1 Yahtzee in the game. Add the upper and lower section to find out the final total of the game.
Playing Yahtzee: What to Do?
If you are with a friend or more, and you decide to play a game of Yahtzee, this is what you need to do to enjoy a game of Yahtzee.
- Choose who goes first: A group game of Yahtzee requires at least 2 players. If the number of players constitutes a big group, you can play in teams. The game starts when you decide who goes first. Each player on the team rolls all five dice. When you add all the values of the dice, the team or player with the highest score would go first.
- First-time dice roll: Players get to roll all five dice as much as three times in a game of Yahtzee. You get a cup or shaker in which you may place the dice. All you need to do is shake the cup or shaker, and spill the dice on the table. As you roll the dice, you may apply some strategy to get the maximum possible score. At any point during your three rolls, you may select or “keep” any dice and roll the others.
- Second-time dice roll: After your first roll, you may add your score to your card to complete your turn. However, if you are not satisfied with your score, you may try for another roll in the hopes of getting a higher score. You can select which dice you want to keep and which one you would like to re-roll.
- Third-time dice roll: If after the second roll you are still unsatisfied with your dice, you may roll the dice one more time. And as before you can choose what dice to roll.
- Keep going until 13 turns for each person: All players in a game of Yahtzee get the roll the dice thrice each round. They may stop the round at the first roll if they are satisfied with their dice on the first roll. The game ends after all the players have rolled for 13 rounds. You need to fill all your boxes as you go; however, you can only fill each box once. So, it is wise to fill the boxes when you have really high scores.
Free Yahtzee Score Sheet Templates
The best way to enjoy a game of Yahtzee is to get all the materials ready and know all the rules. You do not need to waste any more time trying to draw up a Yahtzee scorecard, we have provided free Yahtzee templates to make sure you enjoy your game of Yahtzee.
Playing Strategy for Yahtzee
Yahtzee is a game of chance, however, with a good strategy you can maximize your chances of scoring higher scores. Since you can only record in each box once, you can ensure that you only record the highest possible scores from the combinations you roll using certain strategies.
Maximize your chance at scoring a Yahtzee
Like most all other dice games, Yahtzee is a game of chance. However, the strategy also comes into play in the game of Yahtzee.
You can try to maximize your chance at a Yahtzee every round. Once you get your first Yahtzee, you get 50 points. However, any Yahtzee you get after that attracts 100 points. If the game is still in the early stage, I and you get a chance at a Yahtzee, take your chance rather than settling for a lower score. If you can score a Yahtzee early in the game, your chances of scoring the 100-point bonus improve greatly.
Pro Tip: If you have already scored a Yahtzee, never score a lower score over trying for a second Yahtzee.
Go for the 35-point bonus
Deciding where to score your round often confuses many players. However, if you keep the 35-point bonus in mind, you can strategize better.
Getting a higher score with a lower number like in the ones and twos boxes is unlikely, so, it is better to score in the upper section if you roll more two’s or one’s.
Aim for straights early on
Avoid scoring zero in any of the lower boxes. The lower boxes have the potential for high point values, and as such, you should aim to get straight early in the game so you can concentrate on going for Yahtzee’s. Be on the lookout for combinations where three numbers are sequential, 4-5-6, 2-3-4, or 1-2-3 for instance. Re-roll the dice to fill in the remaining two numbers to get a straight early in the game.
Yahtzee’s upper section score
Scoring a Yahtzee is a rare chance regardless of your strategy. So, if the game is far gone, and the score is tight and on top of that you are yet to score a Yahtzee, you might want to score high in the upper section rather than go for a 50-point Yahtzee. Usually, you will get a bonus, which may translate into a higher score. However, if you score a second Yahtzee, you would only get 50 points instead of 100 points, so be careful.
You can score a single die in the upper section if you are prepared to settle for a low score.
You can write down the total score you got for the number in question.
Yahtzee was introduced to the public in 1956.
Yahtzee is a very accessible game. You can, of course, buy a Yahtzee set at a local toy store to play. If that’s not an option, all you need is five dice and a Yahtzee scorecard which you can easily print. If you’d like to play now, though, you can play Yahtzee online on websites like Solitaired. You can play against a computer, invite a friend to play against it, or find a random person.
The game of Yahtzee combines chance and strategy, it is an intriguing game that guarantees a fun group activity with friends and family. You can enjoy Yahtzee in small groups and large groups and you do not need to worry about getting an accurate scorecard. We have provided free Yahtzee scorecard templates to make your game of Yahtzee that much more fun.